Research on Marketing

Assessment on Impact of Live Animal Export on Meat Export
Performance in Ethiopia; Policy Implications
Gezahagn Dugassa Mamo
Correspondence: Ethiopian Meat and Dairy Industry Development Institute (EMDIDI), Market Research Directorate
Received: July 21, 2019 Accepted: August 20, 2019 Online Published: August 21, 2019
doi:10.11114/bms.v5i3.4467 URL:
Ethiopia has one of the largest livestock populations in Africa. Due to the lack of livestock market structure, performances,
prices are poor and inadequate for designing policies and marketing systems, the sector has remained stagnant. Despite
fluctuation over years, the exports of meat (16,877 tonnes) and live animals (472,041 head) have significantly increased
in 2010 -2012 Ethiopian Fiscal Year (EFY), recording a 69 % increment from the previous years (kefyalew,2011). In
2018/19 EFY live animal contributes 33% of the earning, while 67 % was obtained from meat export (ERCA, 201819).
However, lack of export routes and ports, illegal live animal trade, shortage of live animals and lack of appropriate
breeding programs are some of the main challenges faced to the sector (kefaylew,2011). The presence of large livestock
population with diverse and adaptable genotypes, and diverse agro-ecologies for production of different types of
livestock; expansion of agro-industries and the increase of by product feedstuffs allowing for enhanced productivity;
proximity of the middle east countries, high demand for meat and live animals including the domestic market are some
of the opportunities that the sectors have. Therefore, the country would have been benefited more from the sector if the
aforementioned challenges have been overcome. (Ameha,2011)
Keywords: live animal, meat, export, challenges, Ethiopia


Effects of Supply Determinants on Supply Performance of Slaughter
Animal for Meat Export Abattoirs in Ethiopia
Lelisa Gudisa
Ethiopian Meat and Dairy Industry Development Institute, Market Research Directorate
Bishoftu, Ethiopia
Received: August 19, 2021 Accepted: September 9, 2021 Online Published: October 16, 2021
doi:10.11114/bms.v7i4.5378 URL:
This study was attempted to look at effects of supply determinants on supply performance of slaughter animal for meat
export abattoirs in Ethiopia. Explanatory type of research design was used to explore the relation between dependent
and independent variables. The research was supported by primary and secondary data. The primary data obtained
through structured questionnaire prepared for export abattoirs and slaughter animal suppliers, whereas the secondary
data obtained from published and unpublished documents. Sixty (60) respondents from ten (10) meat export abattoirs
which are at managerial positions and sixty (60) managers of slaughters animal suppliers and the total number of
respondents were one hundred twenty (120). The study used brokers’ involvement in supply, transportation facility,
price of slaughter animal, illegal live animal export, and quality of slaughter animal, sustainability of slaughter animal
supply and traditional livestock production system as independent and supply performance as dependent variable.
Correlation analysis was accustomed to analyze relation between independent and dependent variables whereas multiple
regressions were applied to analyze and identifies impact level of every independent on dependent variable. The study
found that sustainability of slaughter animal supply, traditional livestock production system; transportation facility and
quality of slaughter animal have strong effect on supply performance in positive direction respectively. Brokers
involvement in supply, price of slaughter animal and illegal live animal export also have strong effect on supply
performance in the negative direction.
Keywords: slaughter animals, supply determinants, supply performance, meat export abattoirs, animal suppliers